Freiwilliges Arbeitsengagement: Idealismus oder Eigennutz?
by Claudia Gerhardt, Abeku Annan Biber, Karolin Burmann, Svenja Fiedler und Johanna Gundlach
Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) is an important latent resource since it regulates the engagement of the employees at work which is not part of the job description and is therefore shown as a result of personal choice. In order to make this resource accessible, it is necessary to identify the psychological conditions of OCB. Besides organizational variables, these conditions might encompass individual prosocial dispositions as well as motives of self-interest. The present investigation with 150 employees is aimed at analyzing which motives promote OCB. Multiple regression analyses show that dispositional variables are relevant predictors for four of the five OCB-subscales with self-interest functioning as negative and “centrality of justice” as positive predictor. Beyond that, perceived compliance to the “psychological contract” is important for two OCB-scales. For two OCB-scales additional variance components could be explained by the sex of the participants. The results are discussed in the light of previous findings and their utility in practice is shown.
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